Reduce the risk of developing insulin resistance

LifeStart glucose metabolism

Although the use of automatic feeders is becoming more common, there are still a lot of dairy calves on a schedule of two feedings per day. One of the most common concerns when feeding milk according to a LifeStart schedule with elevated planes of nutrition is the development of insulin resistance. This is characterised by postprandial hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and glucosuria. Insulin resistance may predispose calves to metabolic diseases later in life.

Feeding calves large meals with high levels of glucose has shown to delay gastric emptying, resulting in a slower release of glucose from the intestines into the body. This may reduce the risk of developing insulin resistance.

LifeStart research in dairy calves has shown that elevated planes of nutrition at a young age delay gastric emptying and do not increase the risk of developing insulin resistance.

Articles about glucose metabolism

Effects of energy source in calf milk replacers on glucose metabolism of dairy calves

To mimic the composition of WHM, lactose in CMR can partially be replaced by fat without a negative impact on glucose metabolism.

Effect of elevated planes of nutrition on abomasal emptying and insulin sensitivity

Delayed gastric emptying in calves fed high amounts of calf milk replacer reduces the risk of insulin resistance.

High planes of nutrition improve growth and reproduction without reducing insulin sensitivity

Elevated planes of nutrition increase growth and improve fertility but do not affect long-term insulin sensitivity

LifeStart Pillars

Colostrum Management
Weaning Strategies
Calf to heifer

LifeStart Themes

Metabolic Programming
Glucose metabolism
Role of fat in calf nutrition
Lactobalance, hydration, and osmoregulation
Most LifeStart science articles on this site relate to a particular stage of the life of a calf or dairy cow. However, some general themes are not related to a particular stage of life. For a full understanding of LifeStart science, please review the information related to the 4 themes above: